The gallery of the rock drawings of Tamgaly was opened in 19th September of 1957 by the troop of Semirechye of South-Kazakhstan archaeological expedition of the Institute of history and archaeology of the Academy of the sciences of KAZSSR under the direction of Anna Georgievna Maksimova who was the first professional archaeologist of Kazakhstan. Petroglifs were found absolutely accidentally, but value of this opening turned out like one of the ancient parking of the human on the territory of Kazakhstan and has fallen into the list of the worldwide cultural heritages of UNESCO.

The groups of many scientific expeditions for past half century were in these places, in each season scientist got all new proofs of the ancient people’s life. The area of the present-day reserve is about 3800 ga – it is the unique archaeological complex, consisting of nearly one hundred monuments from the different times: settlings, petroglifs, galleries (more than 5000 scenes) and different buildings (of the sacrificial), dated by medium of XIV-XIII b.c. in the border of XIX-XX centuries. And all this time, on the length of the several millenniums, here people leaded settled way of life, the remainder of the houses built from the stone and roundup for live-stock, debris of the dishes, products from the stone, metal, bones certificates about it.

Petroglifs are the most significant and the most multiple type of the monuments of Tamgaly. All rocky drawings made in engraving manner with the help of metallic instruments or stone; the scenes made by paint, are not discovered. The galleries of the rocky drawings were created by our distant ancestors in a different historical epochs: in the average of bronze, late bronze, connecting period (renesans), early iron age (saks and uysuns), medieval (ancient turkish) and new time (dzungarian and kazakh). The most aesthetic and cultural value possesses the petrofglifes of average bronze epochs, forming ancient and the most expressive series of the Tamgaly rocky drawings. The master of rocky graphic arts of that time distinguishes the wealth of the images and motives: children of sun ("sun headed"), men in a wolf mask, warriors with weapons, scene of sacrificing of animals and people, erotic scenes, chariots, different signs-symbols, as well as frequentative scene of the oxen, kulans, horses, camels, wild boars, wolfs.

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