Abylaj Khan Residence museum complex


Abylaj (Abylmansur) is the khan of the Kazakh horde - one of the most outstanding statesmen in the history of the Kazakh statehood. Ancestors of Abylaj khan occur from the well-known founder of the Kahahsky horde of Az-Zhanibek, the descendant of the Dzhuchi-khan, the son of Genghis Khan. He was a clever politician, a competent diplomat and a talented commander. In 1771 the khans, sultans and warriors of three hordes (jyz) have united into one khanate in the city of Turkestan and have proclaimed Abylaj the khan of the Kazakh khanate. In 1765 at the request of Abylaj khan, and with the permission of the imperial government, the wooden house was built in the vicinities of the St. Peter fortress, on the Ishim upriver, in the Jangistau Mountains. The house and the surroundings were intended not only for a residence, but also for the decision of disputed questions. There are various versions about the location of this house. It is presumably established that it was in 14000 feet from the fortress, on the Ishim upstream, “under the mountain” (a drop area is meant) which subsequently (from second half of the 19-th century) appeared within the city. On the other hand, it is authentically known that it was prohibited to give land to aliens within fifteen kilometers around the fortress. Later, as legends say, the house was burnt during one of the fires, and a stone house was built on its place (the building of Poljakov’s Mill). Uali, the son of Abylaj-khan and the khan of the Middle Jyz, built a two-storied stone house after the statement of the imperial government, in 1821. After that there was a winter residence of the khan of the Middle Jyz in the city of Petropavlovsk. The residence of Abylaj was the first and the only building on the mountain for a long period of time. On August 21, 2008 the Residence has been open by Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbaev, the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The complex includes the house, the office and the guest house of Abylai khan and a banya (sauna).



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