Виртуальный тур

The main sources of water of the oasis are Arys and Syrdarya. The channel which belongs to it, supplied water to cities and villages and irrigated fields. Only the abundance of water here was able to develop an agricultural crop.

The location of Otyrar oasis left an imprint on the lives of its inhabitants. A. N. Bernshtam truly noted, that Otyrar, being at the confluence of Arys into the Syrdarya and near of Buguni, occupies an advantageous position and have water to irrigate the fertile land. At lod times, along the Syrdaria the long road was going to Shash, Ferghana, and Sogdiana.
The length of the oasis from North to South is about 53 kilometers and from West to East is about 54 kilometers on the territory of the oasis, there are over 130 monuments.

Otyrar is widely known as the capital of the province, the birthplace of the great medieval philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi. The appearance of settlement on the former location of Otyrar refers to the first centuries of our era. First name Otyrar and Farab appear in written sources in the IX century of our century. The period of X-XII centuries was the time of prosperity of urban life, which was broken by the Mongol invasion. In 1219 Otyrar fell under the onslaught of the army of Chinghis Khan. However Otyrar rose from the ruins and by the middle of XIII century has become a major trading hub on the way from West to East. In 1405 in one of the palaces of Otyrar dies Tamerlan. The life of Otyrar continues until the XVIII century. The appearance of the settlement as a whole is characteristic for most of the medieval monuments of Kazakhstan and Central Asia.

The scientific issue on the topic is very broad. The first excavations were carried out in 1904 by Otyrar members of the Turkestan Circle of Amateur Archeology named after A.K.Clare and A.A. Cherkasov. They collected the material. Further studies were continued until the late 40s of the XX century under the guidance of Professor A.N. Bernshtam. In 1969 the Otyrar archaeological expedition (in 1971 renamed as South-Kazakhstan Comprehensive Archaeological Expedition KazSSR) administered by the K.A.Akishev was organized and since 1991 by K.M.Baypakov. In 2001, an international project under the auspices of UNESCO-Kazakhstan-Japan Trust Fund “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otyrar” was launched. The main objectives of the project is to create the documentation database and conservation activities.

In 2004-2007, under the public programs of cultural heritage and revival of ancient Otyrar the extensive work on research, conservation and museification series of monuments (Friday Mosque in the XIV., A city block in the XVI., Residential buildings XI-XII century walls, the central gate and Gates "Darwaza-i-Sufi”, stratigraphic pits, baths XIV century) were conducted. The comprehensive studies of the monuments of the oasis were also conducted (the settlement Kok-Mardan, Kuyruktobe, Zhalpaktobe, Vesidzha, necropolis Taltakay and kennel). sing the latest computer advances studied ancient irrigation oasis.

The Otyrar oasis is the pearl of Archeology of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Continued archaeological research, conservation activities, development of tourism infrastructure - an important component of the integration of the monuments of the oasis in the list of World Cultural Heritage.


24.07.2012, 23:45
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20.04.2011, 22:59
оте керемет комектесты