Karaganda region

Karaganda region is region in the central part of Kazakhstan, located in the heart of Eurasia, almost equidistant from the Arctic and the Indian, the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean. Territory of the region is 428 km ². In the region live tenth of the total population of Kazakhstan. Population of region are 1 351 854 people and representatives of over 113 nationalities.
Karaganda region was formed in March 1932. Initially, the regional center was the city Petropavlovsk. On 3 August, 1936 Regional Center is located in Karaganda.
In its present borders, the region was formed in May 1997 it was annexed to the Zhezkazgan region.
Currently, Karaganda region – is the largest area of territory and industrial potential, rich in minerals and raw materials. This is a powerful industrial center. According to economic, cultural and scientific potential, infrastructure area occupies a leading position in Kazakhstan.
Railway connects the region with the cities of CIS countries, Germany and China. International Airport "Sary-Arka" carries out direct flights to Russia, Germany, United Arab Emirates and other countries. Through the Karaganda region passed automobile road which connect Almaty and the capital of Kazakhstan Astana.
Freely and widely spread over the Karaganda region in the vast steppes of Sary-Arka. The region's territory is the most elevated central part of Kazakhstan hills. From Karkaralinsk mountains in the east to the west of Lake Tengiz, from Ishim in the north to Sherubai-Nura reservoir in the south stretches the wide steppe, where the Kazakh people since ancient times awarded the poetic name of Sary-Arka, which means “yellow mountain range”.
The climate of the area is continental: summer is hot and dry, winter with snowless, but the harsh winds and snowstorms. On summer days temperature can reach 37 degrees. The coldest month is January. Frosts reach up to 40 degrees.
In the area there are more than two hundred large and small rivers. Home artery area – Nura River crosses the province from east to west and empties into one of the largest lakes in Central Kazakhstan is Tengiz. In the south of region situated is the largest lake in Kazakhstan – Balkhash. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that in the eastern part of the water is salty, in the west part is fresh.
The Karaganda region is known in history primarily to the fact that its territory is the northern branch of the ancient Silk Road. Historically, this region was trading artery, a channel for economic and cultural exchange between Kazakhstan and other countries.
In the 30's and 40's of the XX century the region was the site of Stalin's deportation of repressed peoples. Here was stationed notorious Karlag. After II World War stationed in Spassk camp for Germanic, Japanese, Italian and Romanian prisoners of war, which is currently open Memorial to Victims of Stalinist totalitarianism. According to historians, there are 5152 graves of prisoners of war of various nationalities.
Wildlife area is very diverse. In the south and south-west spread over pastures that attract herds of saiga. Also in the field has spread wolves, foxes, gazelles, argali, hares, badgers, wild boars, weasels, ferrets. In pine forests can meet protein.
In lakes and rivers are home to carp, perch, Marina, pike, chebak etc.
Saryarka always ready to truly Kazakh hospitality to tourists from near and far abroad.

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