General information

South Kazakhstan region is located within the eastern part of the Turan lowlands and western foothills of Tien Shan. It is one of the major regions of the country. The region borders on the east with Zhambyl, on the north with Karaganda, on the west with Qyzylorda areas, on the south with the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The region's territory is 117,3 thousand square km. Most part of the territory is plain, with knobby-ridged sands Kyzylkum, steppes Shardara and Moyynkum. The northern part is occupied by desert Betpak-Dala, in the extreme south - Myrzashol steppe. Central part of the region occupies Karatau range, on the south-east - the western outskirts of Talas Alatau, ridges Karzhantau and Ugam.
The administrative-territorial structure of the area consists of 4 regional and 4 towns of district meaning, 11 rural districts. The administrative center - is Shymkent city, with more than half a million people. The city is a part of ancient cities of Central Asia, has a rich history and culture.
The population of the region is 2.5 million people, the volume of the urban population of which is 36,8%.
The region is located in a zone of extreme continental climate. Fertile soil, abundant sunlight, vast pastures create great opportunities for development in the area of various sectors of agriculture, especially irrigated agriculture and grazing sheep.
There are deposits of polymetallic ores (south-western slope of the ridge Karatau near Kentau town, Achisayskoe, Bayzhansayskoe, Mirgalimsayskoe fields, etc.). Large industrial interest are iron ore deposits of Karatau Ridge. There are mineral resources for the production of building materials (limestone, gypsum, quartz sand, refractory ceramic and bentonite clays, mineral paints, semi-precious stones) in the South Kazakhstan region. There are 182 large and medium-sized enterprises, producing about 2,0% of the total industrial production in Kazakhstan in regional industry.
Exports are carried out in 47 countries, the region imported products from 87 countries. In the structure of exports of goods account for the bulk of mineral products - 38,1%, chemical products - 24%, foodstuffs - 20.3%, textile products - 11,9%, production of iron and steel industry - 4,3%.
Field has two lines of railways, the total length of 444.6 km of public roads 5,2 thousand kilometers. Civil aviation is working on the lines of 27 thousand kilometers.
One of the priorities in the region development is a small business. At present, the number of employed in small business in the whole area is 340.7 thousand people or 30% of the total economically active population.
There are 4 state higher education institutions, 1032 secondary schools. Also there are 10 branches of political parties in the region, 20 national-cultural centers, 71 youth associations in the area.
South Kazakhstan Region is famous for its historical memorials - burial mounds, ancient settlements, fortresses, mausoleums and ancient towns. One of the most popular attractions, located on the Kazakh segment of the Silk Road is a unique complex - the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassaui in the city of Turkestan, which is considered the "second Mecca" of all the Turkic-speaking countries of the world. Since 2004, the mausoleum is included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO.
There are natural resources that can be used for treatment and rest on the territory of the region. These include mineral water, wells of which are located in 20 km to the south of Kentau, sanatorium Saryagash, in the foothills of the Karatau, as well as healing environment for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system in the White Sea and Tyulkubas.
Favorable areas for recreation are areas adjacent to the Aksu-Zhabagly nature preserve, and foothills Ugam Boralday, Karzhantau mountains, valleys, rivers Arys, Syr Darya, Aksu, Sayramsu.

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