The tourism potential of South-Kazakhstan region


South Kazakhstan region

Kazakhstan - a land of ancient civilizations. Since time immemorial the inhabitants have been creating outstanding and original culture. At the crossroads of the Great Silk Road, the land became the cradle of Southern Kazakhstan Kazakh statehood. South Kazakhstan Region is famous for its historical memorials - burial mounds, ancient settlements, fortresses, mausoleums and ancient towns. Of the 802 monuments of history and culture of South Kazakhstan region 528 belong to the monuments of archeology, 42 - historical monuments, 226 - to architectural monuments.
Among the South-Kazakh city of the most widely known conquered Turkestan. Located on the branch of the Silk Road in the XVI-XIX centuries Turkestan is the spiritual and political center of the Turkic-speaking people and was the capital of the Kazakh Khanate.
Here are the most monumental architectural monuments and places of pilgrimage to holy sites in Kazakhstan.
In terms of importance for the Muslims of Turkestan is called the second city of Mecca, and visiting these places is equivalent to a small hajj.
Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassaui, built by order of Tamerlane at the boundary of XIV-XV centuries. In 2004, included in the UNESCO list of world monuments as an unsurpassed masterpiece of medieval architecture and the amazing complex of palaces and temples. Muslims Khoja Ahmed Yassaui revered second only to the prophet Muhammad.
The entire city center is the historical - cultural reservation Hazret - Sultan. In addition mavzoleya Khoja Ahmed Yassaui it includes the medieval eastern bath hilvet, where he lived a great saint, the mausoleum of the great granddaughter of Timur Rabia Sultan Begim and other monuments, including the underground house for thought Kumshik-ata.
Also here is a monument to XII-XX centuries. - Arystan Baba Mausoleum, the burial place of the teacher Leather Ahmed Yassaui, center of pilgrimage for Muslims from all over Central Asia. Holy Arystan-bab was a legendary figure. According to legend, when dying, the Prophet Mohammed gave Arystan-old woman his rosary-Amanat, who presented their 11-year-old boy - the future of Skin Ahmed Yassaui. Near mavzoleya Arystan-baba is a well with very salty water, which has healing properties (s.Sayram).
40 km to the north of the steppes of Turkestan are miraculously saved the picturesque ruins of the ancient city of Sauran (XVII century.), Known on the Great Silk Road.
The most interesting archaeological sites associated with the era Karahanid - IX-Xll century. It was a time when the Great Silk Road flourished Otrar famous city, where for several years have been great archaeological excavations, now part of the historical-cultural reserve - Otrar oasis and an interesting tourist attraction.
By historical places also belongs to the natural boundary Ordabasy, now declared as a historic reserve. Here, 30 km from Shymkent, in the beginning of XVIII century. Kazakhs united to resist the invaders from the west of Mongolia - Dzhungars.
Domalak Ana became famous among the people with an additional 19 years through his intelligence, wisdom, purity of heart and holiness. Domalak Ana their wise decisions reconcile warring tribes, jammed the age-old resentments between them. Domalak Ana is the mother of the peoples living in the Seven Rivers, Aulie-ata, Shymkent and Tashkent. Grandson Domalak Ana Dulat invites masters Sheri Abdullah of Bokhara and build over the grave of my grandmother chetyrehyarusny, dome mausoleum, which until today is the object of worship and visiting many people. During the XI-XV centuries, the mausoleum rebuilt several times. The architectural complex erected on the site of the former building was destroyed in 1957. The museum has preserved a large number of manuscripts.
According to legend, the mausoleum Domalak Ana, there are two sacred stones, which can pass between the only righteous man.
Well Gayyp Bergen - deep wells - 40 meters. Dial the healing water can only people with a pure soul. It just can not, most people have a bucket of broken, or water spill. These two tests are usually held by pilgrims returning from Turkestan after visiting the holy places. It's like checking how cleansed his soul and how God heard his prayer.
The mausoleum of Aisha-Bibi - the place, especially revered infertile women who were asked to give their children and strong family.
The first mention of the city Sauran goes back to the tenth century. In X IV Sauran century was the capital of the Ak-Orda. The authors report data of various kinds, noting that Sauran was one of the best Turkestan strongholds: its climate, the composition of the defensive structures, improvement of the city, on irrigated agriculture. Modern mound stretches from north-west to south-east at 550 meters and is an oval in terms of area, surrounded by a wall, which can be traced 4 round 2-storey towers, projecting beyond the line of the wall. Towers above the surrounding terrain at 2-2.5 m. The total length of the remaining walls is about 1400 meters. Inside the settlement were two doors. Around the outside walls of the ditch as deep as 1.3 meters and a width of 15-20 m. Due to its preservation mound is an excellent model for studying characteristics of the South Kazakhstan fortification of the late medieval era.
Pottery and coins found in the mound, kept in the Kazakh Central State Museum.
Aksu-Djabagly, formed in 1926, became the first reserve established in Kazakhstan and Central Asia. One of the most beautiful places in Kazakhstan, known also as a place of unique archaeological finds. In the village Karabastau is burying the remains of animals and plants that lived here more than 140 million years ago - during the Jurassic period.

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