Karkaraly State National Natural Park
Created by decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 1, 1998 number 1212. Administratively located Karkaraly region of Karaganda region, in the eastern part. The total area of 90323 hectares of national park land - of which 40,341 hectares of forested. The main forest-forming species are: pine, Birch, aspen, willow and shrubs.
National park has three branches: Mountain (total area - 25576 ha); Karkaraly (total area, 23846 hectares) and Kent (total area - 40,901 ha).
Karkaralinsk-Kent Mountain site consists of five relatively isolated from each other mountain groups: Buguly, Shankoza, Matena, Airtau and Kent. Karkaralinsk mountains and Kent have a significant array of asymmetry in the landscape: their northern slopes steeper and significantly richer springs and vegetation than the southern and western. They represent the ridges, forming a network of rocky ridges and peaks, separated by deep gorges, intermountain valleys and gently rolling plain. Thus, in Karkaraly array angle the ranges of tar-kezen and Akpet, Buguly and Air, individual peaks soaring up like the Komsomol Peak (1 403 m), Shankoz (1 360), Buguly (1 323), Koktobe (1 254) and several other less significant height.
For the district tend widespread river valleys, prirodnikovyh meadows and lake basins, as well as plots smoothed hills.
The climate in the territory under consideration, as in the entire hills as a whole is continental with anticyclonic weather regimes with harsh winters, cool summer, significant fluctuations of daily and annual temperatures, the frequent recurrence of drought, hot winds and cloudy days in a year.
Flora Karkaraly SSPE consists of 198 species of angiosperms, 3 species of gymnosperms, 2 species of fern types, 27 species of mosses, lichens, 14 species recorded at the present time, although the literary sources of their number may reach about 800 species. This is three times higher than in the surrounding steppe zone. In the Red Book of Kazakhstan of the 244 species recorded, 5 barberry Karkaraly, sphagnum smooth birch Kirghiz, poppy thin, adonis spring. In the flora Karkaraly and Kent mining forest has a large number of endemic and boreal plants. The rare and endangered plant species include: bluegrass Karkaraly, barberry Karkaraly, poppy, thin mustache aconite, minuariya spring, odnotsvetka Grandiflora, red fescue, fraxinella angustifolia, orchis Fuchs, maidenhair Venus hair, blue anemone, black eyes of the ordinary, honeysuckle Pallas, St. John's wort, Dracocephalum foreign, Viburnum opulus, Zaleski, feather, feather pinnate, spatter-dock yellow water lily chistobelaya, Epipogium leafless, bracken ordinary Artemisia smooth, liquorice, sphagnum sleek three-blade meadowsweet, drooping tulip, everlasting sand, wood fern male, Silene dubia and Melampyrum Karkaralinsk, cloves coniferous, spurge tree, wind-flower, blue anemone, wood anemone, alpine Circe, violet cut , the rank of a squat, forget-me-Asian, poppy gentle and some others.
The territory Karkaraly SSPE has 190 species of vertebrate animals: 45 species of mammals, 122 species of birds, 6 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians and 15 species of fish. The fauna of invertebrates is poorly studied and there is currently no accurate data on its species composition. Of the animals listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan on the territory of the National Park home to argali, black stork, golden eagle, eagle, eagle, dwarf, steppe viper, minnow Ignatova. The basis of the fauna of mammals are rodents - a red-cheeked ground squirrel, gray marmot, prairie Birch Mouse, large jerboa, jerboa-jumper, Phodopus hamster, Eversmann's hamster, Hamster, Vole Streltsov, red vole, muskrat, and steppe lemming, water vole, wood mouse, house mouse, mouse, baby. Predators found the wolf, fox, badger, light ferret, ermine, weasel, manul, lynx. Before 1940 the territory KGNPP met bears. The largest mammals are ungulates: wild boar, Siberian deer, Siberian roe deer, elk, argali. Also in the national park of mammals inhabit the representatives of insectivores, bats and lagomorphs. Among birds, most species are the drift, but very much and nesting birds.
In Karkaraly State National Nature Park every year, regular studies. Since the inception of the national park here is functioning research department, which year after year, gathers and organizes data from observations of the state inspectors and our own observations. For many years he was a field base for scholars and students KarSU EA Buketov here were performed classic works on the biology and ecology, conducted annual archaeological research.